At the customs house

At the Customs House (на таможне)

The moment a traveler crosses the border their luggage is taken to the customs-house by porters. (Когда путешествующий пересекает границу его или ее багаж относит в зону таможенного досмотра носильщик) Every country has its own customs regulations, which stipulate what articles are liable to duty and what are duty-free (В каждой стране свои таможенные правила, которые утверждают, какие предметы облагаются пошлиной, а какие нет).

Sometimes an article which falls under customs restrictions and is liable to duty is allowed in duty-free if the traveler does not exceed a certain fixed quota (Иногда предмет, попадающий под обложение пошлиной и подлежащий ограничениям может не облагаться пошлиной, если путешествующий не превышает установленную квоту на ввоз). These are listed in a duty-free quota list (Эти квоты указаны в списке товаров беспошлинного ввоза). Customs restrictions also include a prohibited articles list (Таможенные ограничения также включают список запрещенных к ввозу товаров). This is a list of items which may not be brought into a country or taken out of it (Это список предметов, которые нельзя ввозить или вывозить в страну/из страны). An official paper (from the proper authorities) giving permission to take items, which fall under special customs restrictions, in or out of a country is known as an import or export license (Официальное письменное разрешение от соответствующих органов власти дает разрешение на ввоз или вывоз таких товаров и называется разрешение на экспорт и импорт товаров)

If the traveler has any item which comes under customs restrictions he is asked to declare it (Если у путешествующего есть какие-либо предметы, которые попадают под таможенные ограничения, его попросят их задекларировать). That is, he is asked to name the item, stating its value and other particulars (Это значит, что его просят указать их название, стоимость и другие данные). The declaration is made either orally or in writing on a special form (Декларация может быть устной и письменной по особой форме). The practice seems to vary in different countries (Процедура может быть разной в разных странах). Upon payment of duty the traveler is given a receipt (По уплате пошлины путешествующему выдается чек). As a rule personal effects are duty-free (Как правило, личные вещи не облагаются пошлиной).

It sometimes happens that a passenger’s luggage is carefully gone through in order to prevent smuggling (Иногда личный багаж проходит тщательный досмотр для того, чтобы предотвратить контрабанду). The formalities at the customs-house usually take some time (Вся процедура прохода таможенного контроля занимает время). Only after passing through the customs does one realize that their journey is drawing to an end (or beginning, as the case might be) (Только пройдя таможню, можно понять, что путешествие завершается или наоборот, начинается).


4.1. Answer the following questions (Ответить на вопросы):

2) What is the meaning of the question «Have you anything to declare» one hears at the customs-house so often (Что значит «есть ли у Вас что-нибудь для декларации?»)? Do you have to acknowledge possession of (taxable income or dutiable goods).

3) What does the phrase «I have nothing to declare» mean? (Что значит «мне нечего декларировать»? ) I don’t have to acknowledge possession of (taxable income or dutiable goods)..

4) Do customs restrictions vary in different countries (Различаются ли таможенные правила в разных странах)? Yes, they do.

5) Have you ever gone through a customs inspection? If so relate your experience (Вы проходили когда-нибудь таможню? Поделитесь впечатлениями.) .Yes, I have, many times, at Polish border, the procedure is easy. (Да много раз, например, на Польской Границе, процедура легкая)

6) What is a duty-free item? (что такое «беспошлинный»?) goods that are exempt from payment of duty.

7) What do we mean by saying that something is an item liable to duty? (Что имеется в виду под «подлежащий обложению пошлиной?» ) goods that you have to when crossing the border .

10) Can you name some of the «personal effects» one usually takes along
on a journey? (Перечислите «личные вещи», которые обычно берут с собой). Clothes, shoes, personal hygiene means, books, phones, laptops

4.2. Give the English equivalents of the following collocations:

попадать под ограничения liable to duties, осматривать (багаж) inspect the luggage, check the luggage, заниматься контрабандой to smuggle, таможенный сбор customs duty, таможенная декларация customs declaration, таможенное управление customs house, личные вещи personal belongings, пройти таможенный досмотр go through customs, таможенные правила customs regulations, таможенные ограничения customs restrictions.

4.3 Match the words and their explanation Соединить слова с их определениями:

5. Translate the following text in the written form using the dictionary Письменно перевести текст

Text A

Tips for Travelers

Советы путешествующим

Как только вы определились со своими планами путешествия, проверьте срок действия вашего паспорта. Будет неплохо, если вы сделаете ксерокопию страницы с датой выдачи паспорта, оставьте ее дома. А другую копию возьмите с собой, но храните отдельно от паспорта.

Если вы потеряете паспорт, сразу звоните в ближайшее консульство или посольство, либо в местную полицию, имея ксерокопию при себе, вы сможете его заменить быстрее. Для нахождение в Великобритании сроком до 90 дней, вам потребуется действующий паспорт.

Совершая покупки, сохраняйте чеки от всех товаров. При возвращении в страну, вас могут попросить предъявить все, что вы прибрели. Если вы считаете, что таможенная пошлина рассчитана неверно, сделайте запрос на пересчет. Если вы несогласны с манерой проведения досмотра, запомните номер таможенного инспектора.

В любом случае, сначала спросите контролера, затем напишите главному на посту по адресу, указанному в чеке об уплате пошлины. Отправьте копию чека и другие соответствующие документы, если вы по-прежнему не согласны и ваша жалоба неудовлетворенна, можете обратиться в главный таможенный отдел .

Контрольная работа I (первый семестр I курс)

Контрольная работа I (первый семестр I курс)

Часть I

1. Прочитайте текст и письменно переведите отрывок, выделенный жирным шрифтом.

At the Customs House

The moment a traveller crosses the border their luggage is taken to the

customs-house by porters. Every country has its own customs regulations, which

stipulate what articles are liable to duty and what are duty-free.

Sometimes an article which falls under customs restrictions and is liable to

duty is allowed in duty-free if the traveller does not exceed a certain fixed quota.

These are listed in a duty-free quota list. Customs restrictions also include a

prohibited articles list. This is a list of items which may not be brought into a

country or taken out of it. An official paper (from the proper authorities) giving

permission to take items, which fall under special customs restrictions, in or out of

a country is known as an import or export license.

If the traveller has any item which comes under customs restrictions he is

asked to declare it. That is, he is asked to name the item, stating its value and other

particulars. The declaration is made either orally or in writing on a special form.

The practice seems to vary in different countries. Upon payment of duty the

traveller is given a receipt. As a rule personal effects are duty-free.

It sometimes happens that a passenger’s luggage is carefully gone through in

order to prevent smuggling. The formalities at the customs-house usually take

some time. Only after passing through the customs does one realize that their

journey is drawing to an end (or beginning, as the case might be).

2. Ответьте на вопросы к тексту:

1) What are the duties of a customs inspector?

2) What is the meaning of the question ”Have you anything to declare” one hears at the customs-house so often?

3) What is the phrase “ I have nothing to declare” mean?

4) Do customs restrictions vary in different countries?

5) Have you ever gone through a customs inspection? If so relate your experience.

6) What is a duty-free item?

7) What do we mean by saying that something is an item liable to duty?

8) Why is smuggling punishable by law?

9) What does the Customs Inspected stamp stand for?

10) Can you name some of the ‘personal effects” one usually takes along on a journey?

3. Дайте английские эквиваленты следующих выражений:

попадать под ограничения, осматривать (багаж), заниматься контрабандой, таможенный сбор, таможенная декларация, таможенное управление, личные вещи, пройти таможенный досмотр, таможенные правила, таможенные ограничения.

Часть II

Задание 1. Раскройте скобки, выбрав нужную форму глагола:

1) There (is, are) a large table in my room.

2) There (is, are) three windows in my classroom.

3) There (is, are) a table and four chairs in my room.

4) There (is, are) a blackboard, four tables and five chairs in our classroom.

5) There (is, are) a text book and two note-books on my table.

Задание 2. Поставьте следующие предложения в отрицательную и вопросительную формы:

1) There is a blackboard in my classroom.

2) There are some English books on the table.

3) There are a lot of mistakes in your dictation.

4) There is a new grammar rule in Lesson Four.

5) There is a telegram on the table.

6) There is too little ink in my pen to write two letters.

Задание 3. Переведите следующие предложения на английский язык, используя конструкцию there is/there are:

1) В Москве много красивых зданий.

2) В его докладе есть некоторые ошибки.

3) На площади Свердлова много театров.

4) В моем диктанте много ошибок.

5) В статье нет ничего интересного.

Задание 4. Заполните пропуски в следующих предложениях глаголом to have (в настоящем или прошедшем времени):

1) Excuse me, _____ you _____ a pen I could borrow?

2) Why are you holding your face like that? _____ you ____ a toothache?

3) _____ you ____ a bicycle when you were a child?

4) “_____you ____ the time, please?” “Yes, it’s ten past seven.”

5) When you did the exam, ______ you ____ time to answer all the questions?

6) I need a stamp for this letter. _____ you ____ one?

7) “It started to rain while I was walking home.” “Did it? ______ you ____ an umbrella?”

Задание 5. Вставьте в предложения следующие словосочетания с глаголом to have:

1) I don’t eat much during the day. I never have _______.

2) David likes to keep fit, so he _______ every day.

3) We ______ last Saturday. It was great – we invited lots of people.

4) Excuse me, can I ______ at your newspaper, please?

5) ‘Where’s Jim?’ ‘He ______ in his room. He’s very tired.’

6) I met Ann in the supermarket yesterday. We stopped and _______.

7) I haven’t seen you since you came back from holidays. _______?

8) Suzanne _______ a few weeks ago. It’s her second child.

9) I don’t usually smoke but I was feeling very nervous, so I ______.

10) The phone rang but I couldn’t answer because I ______.

11) You meet Tom at the airport. He has just arrived. You say: Hello, Tom. ______________?

Задание 6. Определите, какое из подчеркнутых существительных правильное:

1) Sue was very helpful. She gave us some very useful advice/advices.

2) We had very good weather/a very good weather while we were on holidays.

3) We were very unfortunate. We had bad luck/a bad luck.

4) It’s very difficult to find a work/job at the moment.

5) Our travel/journey form London to Istanbul was very tiring.

6) When the fire alarm rang, there was total chaos/a total chaos.

7) I had to buy a/some bread because I wanted some sandwiches.

8) Bad news don’t/doesn’t make people happy.

9) Your hair is/your hairs are too long. You should have it/them cut.

Задание 7. Заполните пропуски в предложениях следующими словами. В некоторых случаях необходимо употребить существительное во множественном числе:

1) I didn’t have much _______ — just two small bags.

2) They’ll tell you all you want to know. They’ll give you plenty of _______.

3) There is room for everybody to sit down. There are plenty of _______.

4) We have no _______, not even a bed or table.

5) ‘What does Alan look like?’ ‘He’s got a long beard and very short___.’

6) Carla’s English is better than it was. She’s made _______.

7) George is unemployed. He’s looking for a ______.

8) George is unemployed. He’s looking for ______.

9) If you want to leave work early, you have to ask for ______.

10) I don’t think Ann will get the job. She hasn’t got enough ______.

11) Rita has done many interesting things. She should write a book about her ______.

Задание 8. Заполните пропуски в следующих предложениях местоимениями some и any:

1) We didn’t buy _______ flowers.

2) This evening I’m going out with _______ friends of mine.

3) ‘Have you seen _______ good films recently?’ ‘No, I haven’t been to the cinema for ages.’

4) I didn’t have _______ money, so I had to borrow _______.

5) Can I have _______ sugar in my coffee, please?

6) I was too tired to do _______ work.

7) You can cash these traveller’s cheques at _______ bank.

8) Can you give me _______ information about places of interest in the town?

9) With the special tourist train ticket, you can travel on _______ train you like.

10) If there are _______ words you don’t understand, use a dictionary.

Задание 9. Заполните пропуски словами much, many, few и little:

1) He isn’t very popular. He has ________ friends.

2) Ann is very busy these days. She has _______ free time.

3) Did you take ________ photographs when you were on holiday?

4) I’m not very busy today. I haven’t got ________ to do.

5) The museum was very crowded. There were too ________ people.

6) Most of the town is modern. There are ________ old buildings.

7) The weather has been very dry recently. We’ve had ________ rain.

Задание 10. Закончите предложения, используя выражение plenty (of) и один из следующих вариантов:

to learn

things to see

1) There is no need to hurry. We’ve got __________________________.

2) He’s got no financial problems. He’s got _______________________.

3) She knows a lot but she still has ______________________________.

4) Come and sit with us. There’s _______________________________.

5) It is an interesting town to visit. There are ______________________.

6) I’m sure we’ll find somewhere to stay. There are _______________ here.

Задание 11. Поставьте глаголы в нужную форму в следующих предложениях, используя время Present Continuous:

1) ‘You _________ hard today.’ ‘Yes, I have a lot to do.’

2) I _________ for Christine. Do you know where she is?

3) It _________ dark. Shall I turn on the light?

4) They haven’t got anywhere to live at the moment. They _________ with friends until they find somewhere.

5) ‘Are you ready, Ann?’ ‘Yes, _________.’

6) Have you got an umbrella? It _________ to rain.

7) You __________ a lot of noise. Could you be quieter? I _________ to concentrate.

Задание 12. Используя слова в скобках, закончите вопросы, поставив глаголы Present Continuous:

1) ‘________ this week’ ‘No, he’s on holiday.’ (Colin/work)

2) Why ________ at me like that? What’s the matter? (you/look)

3) ‘Jenny is a student at university.’ ‘Is she? What ________?’(she/study)

4) ________ to the radio or can I turn it off? (anybody/listen)

5) How is your English? ________ better? (it/get)

Задание 13. Поставьте глаголы в правильную форму, используя время Present Simple:

1) Jane ________ tea very often (not/drink).

2) What time ________ in Britain (the banks/close)?

3) ‘Where ________ from?’ ‘He’s Scottish (Martin/come).’

4) ‘What ________?’ ‘I’m an electrical engineer (you/do).’

5) It ________ me an hour to get to work (take). How long ________ you (it/take)?

6) I ________ the piano but I ________ very well (play) / (not/play).

7) I don’t understand this sentence. What _________ (this word/mean)?

Задание 14. Закончите следующие предложения, используя указанные ниже глаголы (в некоторых предложениях необходимо поставить глаголы в отрицательную форму), используя время Present Simple:

1) The earth ________ the sun.

2) Rice ________ in Britain.

3) The sun ________ in the East.

4) Bees ________ honey.

5) Vegetarians ________ meat.

6) An atheist ________ in God.

7) An interpreter ________ from one language into another.

8) A liar is someone who ________ the truth.

9) The River Amazon ________ into the Atlantic Ocean.

Задание 15. Поставьте глаголы во время Present Continuous или Present Simple:

1) Let’s go out. It ___ now (not/rain).

2) Julia is very good at languages. She ___ four languages very well (speak).

3) Hurry up! Everybody ___ for you (wait).

4) “___to the radio (you/listen)?” “No, you can turn it off.”

5) “___to the radio every day (you/listen)?” “No, just occasionally.”

6) The River Nile ___ into the Mediterranean (flow).

7) Look at the river. It ___ very fast today – much faster than usual (flow).

8) We usually ___ vegetables in our garden but this year we ___ any (grow) / (not/grow).

9) “How is your English?” “Not bad. It ___ slowly (improve).”

10) Ron is in London at the moment. He ___ at the Park Hotel. He ___ there when he’s in London (stay) / (always/ stay).

11) Can we stop walking soon? I ___ to feel tired (start).

12) “Can you drive?” “I ___. My father ___ me (learn) / (teach).”

13) Normally I ___ work at 5.00, but this week I ___ until 6/00 to earn a bit more money (finish) / (work).

14) My parents ___ in Bristol (live). They were born there and have never lived anywhere else. Where ___ (your parents/live)?

15) Sonia ___ for a place to live (look). She ___ with her sister until she finds somewhere (stay).

16) “What ___ (your father/do)?” “He’s an architect but he ___ at the moment (not/work).”

17) (at a party) Usually I ___ parties but I ___ this one very much (enjoy) / (not enjoy).

18) The train is never late. It ___ on time (always/leave).

19) Jim is very untidy. He ___ his things all over the place (always/leave).

Задание 16. Употребите в предложениях один из следующих глаголов, используя время Past Simple:

1) Mozart ___ more than 600 pieces of music.

2) “How did you learn to drive?” “My father ___ me.”

3) We couldn’t afford to keep our car, so we ___ it.

4) I was very thirsty. I ___ the water very quickly.

5) Paul and I played tennis yesterday. He’s much better than me, so he ___easily.

6) Don ___ down the stairs this morning and ___ his leg.

7) Jim ___ the ball to Sue, who ___ it.

8) Ann ___ a lot of money yesterday. She ___ a dress which ___ $ 100.

Задание 17. Напишите вопросы, используя время Past Simple:

1) (where / go) ?

2) (go alone) ?

3) (food / good) ?

4) (how long / stay there) ?

5) (stay / at a hotel) ?

6) (how / travel) ?

7) (the weather / fine) ?

8) (what / do in the evenings) ?

9) (meet anybody interesting) ?

Задание 18. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в нужную форму, если необходимо – отрицательную, используя время Past Simple.

1) It was warm, so I ___ off my coat. (take)

2) The film wasn’t very good. I ___ it very much. (enjoy)

3) I knew Sarah was very busy, so I ___ her. (disturb)

4) I was very tired, so I ___ to bed early. (go)

5) The bed was very uncomfortable. I ___ very well. (sleep)

6) Sue wasn’t hungry, so she ___ anything. (eat)

7) We went to Kate’s house but she ___ at home. (be)

8) It was a funny situation but nobody ___ . (laugh)

9) The window was open and a bird ___ into the room. (fly)

10) The hotel wasn’t very expensive. It ___ very much. (cost)

11) I was in a hurry, so I ___ time to phone you. (have)

12) It was hard work carrying the bags. They ___ very heavy. (be)

Задание 19. Употребив Present Perfect, составьте предложения:

Dear Chris.

Lots of things have happened since I last wrote to you.

1) I / buy / a new car

2) my father / start / a new job

3) I / give up / smoking

4) Charles and Sarah / go / to Brazil

5) Suzanne / have / a baby

Задание 20. Напишите предложения, подставив нужный глагол во времени Present Perfect :

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